Background. The pathways in a century-old Barcelona park continued eroding despite the efforts of park maintenance officials to stem the erosion by re-grading pathways and constructing concrete and stone ditches.
Recently, one of the largest oil and gas producers in the Utica Shale significantly grew their fracking operation near a small residential area in Ohio, resulting in local concerns about dramatically increased truck traffic–and in turn, clogged township and county roads, troublesome dust and noise, and necessitated road maintenance.
Background. On one to two weekends each month, the Arizona Army National Guard conducts combat training at the Florence Military Reservation, located 1.5 miles north of the town of Florence. This training area is used primarily for live fire exercises, unit maneuvers, simulated engagements and small arms training.
At one time, replacing an asphalt road with gravel would seem to be a step backwards, but, with modern dust-reduction technology, a gravel road is the best economic option when budgets are tight.
Given the limited availability of funds for road maintenance, one of the biggest challenges for oil and gas operators is getting the most from the budget while keeping costs down.