The Alaska DOT&PF operates almost 300 remote gravel runways for commercial, charter and private air traffic. One of the DOTs’ needs in operating these runways is to minimize the gradual loss of vital fines. These fines are one of the sources of fugitive dust that impacts the health of neighboring populations (e.g., U.S. EPA PM10 and PM2.5 requirements) and aircraft …
Background. Open area construction sites with unpaved roadways can be the source of dangerous fugitive dust.
In the US, the energy market can be split up into three tiers: Coal and natural gas are the major drivers of energy, while nuclear power comprises the entire second tier and solar and wind power make up the third.
Is it better to continually maintain gravel roads or will paving them be more cost-effective?